Fat vs Carbs
Carb your enthusiasm!
A study published in the Lancet, and presented at the European Society of Cardiology meeting, showed that carbohydrates and not fats pose a greater risk of heart disease. Fat has been excoriated in the diet world for decades, but now a study known by the acronym PURE has challenged conventional wisdom.
Using food frequency questionnaire, researchers carefully assessed specific nutrient intake and correlated that with total mortality and major cardiovascular events.
Correlations were calculated based on carbohydrate, total fat, saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat.
In short, the study found that high carbohydrate intake was associated with greater risk of mortality, while fat of any type was associated with a lower risk.
Neither total fat nor types of fat were associated with cardiovascular disease, heart attacks or death from heart disease, and most interestingly, there was an inverse relationship of fat consumption and stroke.
The acronym PURE stands for Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study, and it was conducted in over 130,000 low and middle income participants in 18 countries between 2003 and 2013, with a median follow up of 7.4 years.